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Background

par Hervé Quénol - publié le

Climate change is a pressing challenge for international, national, regional and local environment policies and actions. By signing the Kyoto Protocol, the EU has committed to achieving a 20% reduction in CO2 emissions (compared to 1990 levels) by 2020.

Agriculture is a contributor to the release of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, and is highly exposed to the effects of climate change, with many farming activities directly dependant on weather conditions. Climate change impacts affecting EU agriculture include changes to annual rainfall and extreme events such as heatwaves, droughts, storms and flooding.

As part of the agricultural sector, viticulture is both a contributor to climate change and affected by it. Although many studies have addressed the issue of the impact of climate change on viticulture, few studies are devoted to observing and simulating the climate and climate change at the local scale in wine-growing regions.